As a hand-to-hand fighting tradition, boxing traces its championship lineage back to Figg and Broughton in the early 1700s. Over three centuries. Less than a century after that, we have written manuals from Mendoza and his pupils. Aside from the wrestling, its recorded technique does look like an ancestor of modern boxing. Meanwhile, although some East Asian martial arts traditions claim to be older than this, documentation can difficult to locate. Lots of the stuff we consider ancient -- Tae Kwon Do, Judo, some Kung Fu styles -- can't go back recognizably further than the late 19th century (although they obviously still drew upon older traditions when they were formulated. Judo, for example, came from jiu-jitsu in a manner analogous to boxing's emergence from earlier folk-fighting traditions that probably resembled the stuff in Ring-Buch or Worstel-Konst.) So...as recognizable styles in living traditions go, who has boxing beat?